The first urologists

Lithotomy - and hence, the lithotomy position.


French composer Martin Marais (1656-28) wrote this dramatic, narrated piece about the experience of a high-risk, no-anaesthetic, operation for bladder stone.

Samuel Pepys had a bladder stone removed when he was 25 in 1658, repeatedly mentioned in his diaries, including in his very first lines written on Sundary 1 january 1659/60:

Blessed be God, at the end of the last year I was in very good health, without any sense of my old pain, but upon taking of cold.

He celebrated his survival annually.

Further info

Contributed by

Neil Turner

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